The eagle is a common name for sixty species of large birds. Forty-six species are from Africa, Asia and Europe. Two species are from North America. Nine species are from Central and South America. Only Three species are from Australia. This is one of the birds that start with alphabet E. Below are the fast facts.

  • Type: Bird
  • Conservation Status: Least concern
  • Weight: 450 grams – 6.7 kg; varies specie to specie
  • Length: 16 – 39 inches; varies specie to specie
  • Wingspan: Up to 7 feet 3 inches max; varies specie to specie
  • Speed: Up to 320 kph; varies specie to specie
  • Number of eggs laid: 1 – 3; usually 2; record 4
  • Incubation Period: 41 – 45 days
  • Average life span: Up to 40 years; varies geographically and specie to specie
  • Diet: Carnivore
  • Preys: Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Fish
  • Predators: Human, Eagles
  • Nest Predators: Eagles, Great Horned Owls, Raccoons
  • Habitat: Woodland, Mountains, Open and semi open areas


They are informally divided in to four groups. Fish eagles, booted eagles, snake eagles and harpy eagles. Fish eagles are also called as sea eagles. They eat fish as a large part of their diet. Booted eagles are also called as true eagles and they have lower legs. Snake eagles are also called as serpent eagles. They eat snake as a large part of their diet. Harpy eagles are also called as giant forest eagles. They are the large eagles. Due to the size and power, the eagles are ranked at the top of the food chain as apex predators.


Their vision is extremely powerful, 3.6 times greater than humans. They can spot the potential prey from a very long distance. Females are larger than males for all known species. They lay usually 2 eggs; the maximum record is 4 eggs. The eagle is also called as the bird of prey.

Detailed information can be found from WikiPedia