The elaphe are the main genus of rat snakes. It contains different species. These snakes are non-venomous but their bite is still painful and can cause bacterial infection. It is one of the snakes that start with alphabet E. Below are the fast facts.

  • Type: Snake
  • Higher classification: Colubridae
  • Conservation status: Least Concern
  • Length: Up to 108 inches; normally 24 – 72 inches
  • Weight: 165 grams (corn snake at 1 year age)
  • Average life span: 2 – 23 years; varies specie to specie; average is 15 years
  • Gestation period: 45 days
  • Incubation period: 60 – 65 days
  • Number of eggs laid: Up to 30; varies specie to specie
  • Diet: Carnivore
  • Preys: Birds egg, Small birds, Young lizards and frogs, Mice
  • Predators: Human, Bird of prey
  • Habitat: Woodland, Rocky hills, River swamps, Shrubs, Farm land, Sand; varies specie to specie


These snakes have slender body and square head. They are found in many regions of the northern hemisphere. These snakes have internal ears. They can detect sound at very low frequencies. Their vision is also highly developed. Most species remain active from April to October and then they hibernate. Some species only need to hibernate for 2 to 3 months.

Detailed information can be found from Wiki Pedia