The Jabiru is a large stork. It is found in Americas from Mexico to Argentina except Andes. It is most common in Pantanal, Brazil and Chaco, Paraguay. They live in wet areas and feed on aquatic preys. The name Jabiru comes from a Tupi-Guarani Language and means “swollen neck”. It is one of the birds that start with alphabet letter J. Below are the fast facts.
- Type: Bird
- Scientific name: Jabiru mycteria
- Common Name: Jabiru
- Conservation Status: Least concern
- Weight: 4.3 – 9 kilograms
- Length/Height: 47 – 55 inches
- Bill Length: 9.8 – 13.8 inches
- Top Speed: Flies slow
- Average wing span: 7.5 – 9.2 feet
- Average number of eggs laid: 2 – 5
- Incubation/Gestation Period: about one month
- Average life span: 36 years
- Total Population: widespread
- Diet: Carnivorous
- Preys: Fish, Reptiles
- Predators: No known predator of adults; Raccoons and Storks are occasional egg predator
- Habitat: Savannas, Marshes, Wetlands
- Distribution: Brazil, Paraguay and Mexico to Argentina except Andes
They are the tallest flying birds of Central and South America. They have white body plumage but head and neck are bare and black. There is a red band around the neck base and they have long black legs. They have a large and broad black bill, which is slightly upturned. They are often silent but they produce different vocalizations, especially at breeding site. They also perform bill clattering when needed. Also they choose the partner once and stay together for the lifetime. They make their nest at the treetop usually in colonies of 5 to 6 nests. They build their large nest with sticks and mud. They add more material each year which makes the nest very large. They take turns incubating the eggs. Their young fledged around 110 days after hatching but often spend another 3 months in the care of parents.
There are two other stork species which are also commonly called as Jabiru. The first one is the black-necked stork which is found in Asia and is called Jabiru in Australia. The second one is the saddle-billed stork which in found in Sub-Saharan Africa and is called Jabiru sometimes.
More information can be found from WikiPedia